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Vietnam: bonds

When the Viet Nam securities market started in 2000, government bonds were the only major products to be listed for trading on the market. Viet Nam's bond market has improved significantly as the Government continues to initiate reforms and pass enabling legislation. The Government's first international bond issuance in October 2005 was a resounding success. Local government bonds both in VND and USD were issued in large lots while streamlined procedures continue to ease corporate bond issuance.
Government bonds dominate the debt market, followed by municipal and then corporate bonds. Maturities vary from less than 1 year to 15 years. Convertible bonds have also been introduced. Bonds are typically purchased at initial auctions by insurance companies, banks, and individuals; and are held until maturity. A number of licensed securities companies are authorized to provide a full range of securities services including underwriting, brokerage, advisory, portfolio management, and trading.

Outstanding bond issues

Сurrency Outstanding bond issues Cumulative volume
sovereign
VND 191 962 157 403 500 000
USD 5 2 879 594 000
corporate
VND 14 17 608 000 000 000
USD 3 1 316 799 000

Sovereign rating

Rating AgencyRatingRating scaleDate
Dagong Global *** International scale rating (foreign curr.) ***
Dagong Global *** International scale rating (local curr.) ***
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) *** Country Risk Classifications ***
Moody's Investors Service *** LT- foreign currency ***
Moody's Investors Service *** LT- local currency ***
S&P Global Ratings *** Foreign Currency LT ***
S&P Global Ratings *** Local Currency LT ***
Fitch Ratings *** LT Int. Scale (foreign curr.) ***
Fitch Ratings *** LT Int. Scale (local curr.) ***
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Latest bond issues

issue ISIN coupon volume end of placement maturity date
Vietnam, 3.8 17jan2024 - Domestic bonds VNTD19241635 3.8% 1 500 000 000 000  VND 01/16/2019 01/17/2024
Vietnam, 5.6 17jan2039 - Domestic bonds VNTD19392008 5.6% 500 000 000 000  VND 01/16/2019 01/17/2039
Vietnam, 4.35 10jan2026 - Domestic bonds VNTD19261708 4.35% 50 000 000 000  VND 01/09/2019 01/10/2026
Vietnam, 5.1 3jan2029 - Domestic bonds VNTD19291754 5.1% 12 650 000 000 000  VND 01/02/2019 01/03/2029
Vietnam, 5.3 3jan2034 - Domestic bonds VNTD19341872 5.3% 9 500 000 000 000  VND 01/02/2019 01/03/2034
Vietnam, 5.1 27dec2028 - Domestic bonds VNTD18281210 5.1% 4 300 000 000 000  VND 12/26/2018 12/27/2028
Vietnam, 5.3 27dec2033 - Domestic bonds VNTD18331304 5.3% 5 000 000 000 000  VND 12/26/2018 12/27/2033
Vietnam, 5.1 13dec2028 - Domestic bonds VNTD18281202 5.1% 10 400 000 000 000  VND 12/12/2018 12/13/2028
Vietnam, 5.3 13dec2033 - Domestic bonds VNTD18331296 5.3% 8 540 000 000 000  VND 12/12/2018 12/13/2033
Nova Land Investment Group, 5.5% 27apr2023, USD (Conv.) - International bonds XS1808317892 5.5% 240 000 000  USD 11/29/2018 04/27/2023

World Bond market statistics

Quarterly indices

Type: III 2018 II 2018 I 2018 IV 2017 III 2017 II 2017 I 2017
BIS volume of international-bond market of emerging countries
[10345] Vietnamese international bonds, USD bln 2.700 2.800 2.300 2.300 2.300 2.300 2.800
BIS net issues of international-bond market of emerging countries
[10443] International-bond net issue of Vietnam, USD bln 0.000 0.500 0.000 0.000 0.000 -0.400  

New issues of Emerging markets International Bonds

Yearly indices

Type: 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
Annual new International Bonds issues (Asia)
[19451] Annual new issues of Vietnam sovereign international bonds, USD bln 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 1.000
[19489] Annual new issues of Vietnam corporate international bonds, USD bln 0.690 0.000 0.000 1.215 0.000
[19527] Annual new issues of Vietnam corporate international bonds, (financial sector) USD bln 0.000 0.000 0.000 1.215 0.000
[19565] Annual new issues of Vietnam corporate international bonds, (non-financial sector) USD bln 0.690 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000

Emerging Markets International Bonds

Monthly indices

Type: Dec 2018 Nov 2018 Oct 2018 Sep 2018 Aug 2018 Jul 2018 Jun 2018
Volume of Asian International Bonds Markets
[21643] Vietnam international bonds, USD bln 3.315 3.315 3.235 3.110 3.110 3.110 3.110
[21681] Vietnam corporate international bonds, USD bln 0.690 0.690 0.610 0.485 0.485 0.485 0.485
[21719] Vietnam sovereign international bonds, USD bln 2.625 2.625 2.625 2.625 2.625 2.625 2.625
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Currencies

Daily indices

Type: 01/21/2019 01/18/2019 01/17/2019 01/16/2019 01/15/2019 01/14/2019 01/11/2019
Exchange Rates (Emerging Markets)
[12605] USD/VND 23 204.9268 23 197.7205 23 175.1830 23 177.7255 23 203.5508 23 195.9089 23 203.5240
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Risk Management Institute

Daily indices

Type: 01/18/2019 01/17/2019 01/16/2019 01/15/2019 01/14/2019 01/11/2019 01/10/2019
RMI CVI - Asia
[9003] Vietnam CVI value weighted  25.93 25.76 25.31 25.41 25.82 25.19 25.66
[9005] Vietnam CVI tail  235.88 229.06 223.21 225.58 230.46 217.85 219.02
[9007] Vietnam CVI equally weighted  74.64 71.76 71.45 71.10 72.01 70.41 68.50
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Macroeconomic Indicators (World economy)

Monthly indices

Type: Nov 2018 Oct 2018 Sep 2018 Aug 2018 Jul 2018 Jun 2018 May 2018
Inflation Rate (World), % to the same period of the previous year
[15529] Inflation Rate (Vietnam) 3.46 3.89 3.98 3.98 4.46 4.67 3.86
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Yearly indices

Type: 2017 2016 2015 2014
Government Debt to GDP (World), %
[15181] Government Debt to GDP(Vietnam) 61.50 62.40 58.30 55.10

JP Morgan

Daily indices

Type: 10/30/2013 10/29/2013 10/28/2013 10/25/2013 10/24/2013 10/23/2013 10/22/2013
EMBI Global (publication was suspended since 30.10.2013) 
[3125] EMBI Global Vietnam * * * * * * *
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Bonds prices

issue volume maturity date bid prices ask prices
date bid price yield date ask price yield
Vietnam, 1% 10oct2025, USD   USD 10/10/2025 05/18/2016 **.** *.** 05/18/2016 **.** *.**
Vietnam, 4.8% 19nov2024, USD   USD 11/19/2024 05/18/2016 ***.* *.** 05/18/2016 ***.** *.**
Vietnam, 6.75% 29jan2020, USD   USD 01/29/2020 05/18/2016 ***.*** *.** 05/18/2016 ***.*** *.**
VietinBank, 8% 17may2017, USD   USD 05/17/2017 05/18/2016 ***.** *.* 05/18/2016 ***.** *.**
Vingroup (ex-Vincom), 11.625% 7may2018, USD   USD 05/07/2018 05/18/2016 ***.*** *.** 05/18/2016 ***.*** *.**
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