The Indian debt market while composed of bonds, both government and corporate, is dominated by the government bonds. The central government bonds are the predominant and most liquid component of the bond market. Despite the increased volumes, the number of participants is limited to about two dozen active players. Since a majority of the participants are triple A-rated and 80 per cent of the trade is direct, there exist minimal settlement risks.
Since liberalization of Indian capital market many Indian companies have tapped international market and have raised both debt i.e, Eurobonds, foreign bonds, as well as quasi debt instruments like FCCBs ( Foreign Currency Convertible Bonds). Many of these bonds and international debts are also issued with varying features like FRNs (Floating Rate Notes).
There are different types of bond market in India
• Corporate Bond Market
• Municipal Bond Market
• Government and Agency Bond Market
• Funding Bond Market
• Mortgage Backed and Collateral Debt Obligation Bond Market